Heart failure, heart attack and stroke are the three different life-threatening conditions, but anyone can spot the difference between them based on symptoms and duration from person to person.
Ignorance of the difference between these three states can cost a life, especially because people are susceptible to these symptoms and often confused. Knowledge of the basic differences is a question of life and death for someone and something has to be learned about that in today’s world.
Here’s what the best way to learn and remember the difference between a heart attack, cardiac arrest and stroke is.
- Heart attack and its causes
Here, the main problem is with the blood supply of the heart. A heart attack usually occurs due to some blockage of the arteries that supply blood to the heart. Therefore, the heart ceases to pump blood through the body. Blockage occurs because of three reasons: the first is atherosclerosis, a disease that leads to the formation of plaque in the arteries, another cause are the cholesterol deposits on the inner walls of the arteries arising from unhealthy diet, and the third is a blood clot or thrombus that blocks blood flow in an artery that supplying blood to the heart.
When a person suffers a heart attack need urgent medical intervention because every minute of delay can result in a fatal disaster.
Risk factors and symptoms
There are many symptoms of a heart attack, most often to pressure and tightness in the chest, pain that spreads to the arms, shoulders, upper back and jaw, shortness of breath, cold sweat and nausea. Risk factors include age, gender, history of heart attack in the family, diabetes, high blood pressure, smoking, obesity, stress.
- Cardiac arrest and its causes
Cardiac arrest occurs when the heart suddenly stops beating and therefore ceases to supply blood and oxygen to other organs. It is necessary to immediately return the heart to normal sinus rhythm using the automatic external defibrillator, and death will occur within a few minutes and this condition is known as sudden cardiac death.
The probability of survival decreases by 5-7% every minute of delay of defibrillation. The most common cause of cardiac arrest is coronary heart disease. Due to abnormal heart rhythm, known as arrhythmia, the heart stops to function. Arrhythmia involves much faster and much slower heartbeat than normal, and both conditions can be fatal. Other causes of cardiac arrest are respiratory failure, electric shock, choking, suffocation, and serious injury.